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JAPANESE TERMS COMMONLY USED IN INTERMEDIATE KARATE CLASS, 5TH KYU, BLUE BELT

Aite  - Training partner

Gyaku - Reverse, rear leg or arm

Hidari - Left

Kamaete - Command to get into position.  Usually preceded with a clarifying statement,

       example: Hidari ashi mae, kamaete! (left foot forward, get into position!)

Ken - Weapon, can refer to sword, hand, fist.

Kizami  -  Snapping, a quick snapping forward motion

Kobayashi - Small forest, branch of Shorinryu Karate led by Chibana Sensei

Kosa Dachi - Cross stance, seen in Pinan Shodan

Mae - Front; facing the front of the dojo, centerline of your opponent, or the first direction in kata.

Maekan  - Front leg or arm

Migi - Right, to your right, migi te is right hand

Mudansha - Belt ranks below Black Belt

Oshi Fumikomi - “Pushing stomping”, push stepping

Semete -  An attacking person, term used in karate, opposite of Ukete

Shiho Ashi Sabaki - Four-way foot movement, moving in four directions

Shorinryu - Small forest, name of Shuri-te by 1900.

Shuri-te  - Shuri hand, the original name for the karate of Shuri Castle in Okinawa

Shuto Uke - Knife hand block

Taikioku - First course, first lesson, used for a beginner practice pattern to prepare for

      Pinan Kata, not an origional Shorinryu kata, a basic pattern used by many styles for practice.

Tori - Training partner who attacks you with a grab, a term used in Judo

Uke - Block

Ukete  - Person receiving an attack

Uraken - Inverted fist

Ushiro - Back, behind you

Ushiro Mawashigeri - Back round kick, spinning back kick

RANKS BELOW BLACK BELT (MUDANSHA)

RANKS BELOW BLACK BELT

First Kyu (Ikkyu): Brown/Black Stipe

Second Kyu (Nikyu): Brown Belt

Third Kyu (Sankyu): Purple Belt

Fourth Kyu (Yonkyu): Green Belt

Fifth Kyu (Gokyu) Blue Belt

Sixth Kyu (Rokudan) Orange Belt

Seventh Kyu (Nanakyu) Yellow Belt

Eighth Kyu (Hachikyu) White Belt

JAPANESE TERMS COMMONLY USED IN INTRMEDIATE KARATE CLASS, 4TH KYU, GREEN BELT

Shizentai - Standing naturally, knees relaxed, not bent. Heiko (parallel) is a type of Shizentai.  In our style, we often use Heiko Dachi and Shizentai as the same thing.

Tai Sabaki - Body movement, strategic movement off the opponent's attack line to gain advantage

Hiraki Ashi - Open stepping, pivot by weighting your front foot, and turning with the back foot.

Tettsui Uchi - Iron hammer strike, hammer fist

Ura Mawashi Geri - Reverse round kick, hook kick

Ushiro Mawashi Geri - "Back turning kick"' spinning back kick

Kin Geri - Top of foot kick, usually go groin (Mata Kin Geri)

Pinan - Okinawa Hogen word for peaceful mind

Keage - Snapping.  Example: Maegeri Kiage (front snap kick)

Kekomi - Thrusting. Example: Maegeri Kekomi (front thrust kick)

Ippon Kumite -  One full point wins the match

Wazari - Minor point, credit for the point, but not enough for an Ippon

Chakugan - Focus of attention with the eyes

Maai - “Interval” the moment when the perfect timing and distance exist together, the go zone,the place where the attack will be most effective.

Kime - Focus of power, focus of the technique

Kiai - “Energy release” The karate yell (or breath) that can unbalance an opponent, prepare your body for contact, and add speed and power to your technique,

Isshin - One mind; the state that exists when striking with Chakugan, Maai, Kiai, and Kime.

Zanshin - Remaining mind, leaving the moment of isshin and returning to the open state of mind, not concentrating on any one thing, ready.

RANKS ABOVE BLACK BELT (JUDANSHA)

First Dan (Shodan): Black Belt, Advanced Student, Sempai (Mentor)

Second Dan (Nidan): Black Belt, Advanced Student, Sempai (Mentor)

Third Dan (Sandan): Full Instructor

Fourth Dan (Yondan): Full Instructor

Fifth Dan (Godan) RENSHI: Instructor Trainer

Sixth Dan (Rokudan) RENSHI: Instructor Trainer

Seventh Dan (Nanadan) KYOSHI: Venerated Instructor

Eighth Dan (Hachidan) KYOSHI: Venerated Instructor

Ninth Dan (Kyudan) HANSHI: Master Innovator

Tenth Dan (Judan) HANSHI: Master Innovator

JAPANESE TERMS COMMONLY USED IN INTERMEDIATE KARATE CLASS, 3RD KYU, PURPLE BELT

Gedan Barai - Lower sweep (as Gedan Uke)

Hiraki Ashi - Pivot step

Kote Kitae - Wrist toughening, forearm conditioning

Ni Ren Tsuki - Two continuous punches (Sanren is 3 continuous, etc.)

Oshi Fumikomi - Push step

Tai Sabaki - Body movement, shifting off semete’s attack line

Tsugi Ashi - Shuffle step, back foot first

PART OF THE BODY

Ashi - Foot, can also mean leg and foot

Atama - Head

Chichi - Nipple

Gamaku - Okinawan Hogen term for hips. Can apply to hip movement, or the top

   point on the hip (pelvis bone) where the hand returns in Hiki Te

Haito - Ridge hand, “back knife”

Hara - Mid-section; ribs to pelvis, abdomen

Hiji - Elbow

Hitai - Forehead

Kata - Shoulder

Kentsui - Hammer fist

Ken - Closed fist

Koshi - Hips, sides

Koshi - Hips, sides

Mata - Groin area, inside of thigh

Momo - Thigh

Mune - Chest

Nukite - Spear hand (aka shihon nukite: four-finger spear hand)

Onaka - Stomach/belly

Sakotsu - Collarbone

Seiken - Fore fist

Seiken  - Fore fist

Tanden - The center of gravity in the lower abdomen, just below the navel

Teisho - Heel of the palm

Te - Hand

Ude - Forearm

Uraken - Back fist

Waki - Armpits

Yubi - Finger or toe